Human, Social and Environmental Understanding


Geography asks questions about the natural and human worlds and examines the relationships between these. It enhances children’s spatial awareness and enables pupils to develop a range of investigative and problem solving skills, both inside and outside the classroom. Geography also provides a focus through which children can explore environmental issues relating to sustainable development, both locally and globally. The study of different societies also helps children to understand their own place within an interdependent global community, and to recognise their individual responsibilities both to other people and to the environment.

Cross-curricular topics are used to develop children’s geographical skills and to extend their basic locational knowledge. The use of resources such as maps, atlases, globes, aerial photographs and ICT encourages a practical approach to learning and these help to develop the children’s confidence as active learners. Geographical concepts, skills and vocabulary are reinforced by local field studies and the immediate locality of the school provides a comparison with other places and societies. Above all, by linking the local and the global, geography aims to capitalise on young children’s natural curiosity about places, and encourages them to be thoughtful citizens of the world.


Briary School aims to develop the children’s range and depth of historical knowledge and understanding. Pupils are encouraged to be aware of varying interpretations of history and to use historical enquiry to compile evidence, question reliability and make deductions.

In the Key Stage 1 the children begin to develop their enquiry skills as they undertake activities which enable them to learn more about the world around them. The children also gain a sense of time through sequencing daily and weekly events.

In Key Stage 2 children examine the changes in ways of life through the last two generations. Children are encouraged to interview relatives, neighbours or friends about their memories, thereby, developing communication skills and a sense of history as personally relevant. Children also begin to examine the more distant past through cross-curricular topic work on the Great Fire of London and the Victorian Era. This introduces periods beyond living memory.

The older children’s historical knowledge is extended through study units which are related to other areas of the curriculum where possible. These include episodes in Britain’s past, such as invasions and settlements by the Romans and the Vikings, the events of World War II and life in Tudor and Victorian times. A study is also made of the ancient civilisations of Greeks and Egyptians. The lives of significant individuals in the past who have contributed to national and international achievements are also studied. The children are encouraged to develop a sense of chronology and to understand that the past can be divided into different periods, recognising similarities and differences between them.

Religious Education

RE is taught according the Kent Agreed Syllabus (2018) which promotes enquiry into each of the world faiths.

The aim of RE at Briary is to engage pupils in asking, understanding and responding to significant human questions. By considering and responding to these questions, the children are familiarising themselves with the world in which they live. Every RE lesson begins with a question where the children then have the opportunity to discover how religion and worldviews address this. Children will develop the understanding and skills to appreciate a variety of religious responses to these questions, as well as develop responses of their own.

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